Aromatics are cyclic unsaturated hydrocarbons containing one or more rings. Aromatics is one of the major Petrochemical Sectors at Reliance Industries Ltd. with a combined production capacity of 3.6 million metric tons.

We are increasing our PX and Benzene production with an additional combined capacity of 2.5 million metric tons in CY 2016. With our world scale plants and best-in-class technology, we are a supplier of choice for our Indian and global customers.

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Reliance Industries limited (RIL) is the 2nd largest producer of Paraxylene (PX) in the world. With Aromatic plants located at different locations, Reliance has an annual capacity of approximately 4.2 million tons.

Paraxylene is the building block for the entire polyester industry. It is processed to get Purified Terephthalic Acid (PTA) that is further processed to form polyester fibers / PET.

The aromatic complexes are located on the West Coast of India, Patalganga in the state of Maharashtra and Jamnagar in the state of Gujarat.  RIL also operates facilities of PTA at Patalganga in the state of Maharashtra and Hazira and Gandhar in the state of Gujarat which consume PX. In addition to the captive consumption for PTA, RIL exports large quantities of Paraxylene to the leading petrochemical companies from its facility based in Jamnagar.

Aromatic hydrocarbons have been produced commercially since the early part of the last century. Initially they were used as mixtures, in solvent applications. Benzene was isolated as an individual compound by 1850. However the demand for Xylenes increased only after the 1950’s, when the chemical industry started growing rapidly. Xylenes form the basic raw material for the production of polyester, which has become the heart and soul of the complete textile industry, packaging, furnishing, coating, consumer goods, resins etc.

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Ortho xylene (OX) is the second largest of the three commercial isomers of xylene and has a sweet, aromatic smell. It is a colourless liquid, with a characteristic odour. The major application of Orthoxylene is Pthalic Anhydride (~90%) with other applications being in paints, fibreglass, PEN, etc.

Reliance Industries Ltd with a capacity of 562 KTA is among the top producers of Ortho Xylene in the world.  It is produced at the refinery integrated complex at Jamnagar, Gujarat. We have leading position in India and export majorly to Asian countries. With our world scale plants, best-in-class technology and customer centric approach, we are the supplier of choice for our Indian and global customers.

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Benzene (C6H6) is an aromatic hydrocarbon and one of the primary chemical building blocks for the petrochemical industry. It is a byproduct in all its manufacturing processes. It is used to produce a number of petrochemical intermediates such as ethylbenzene for styrene production, cumene for phenol and acetone, cyclohexane and nitrobenzene.

RIL produces benzene at three manufacturing sites on the west coast of India. We produce high purity cyclohexane grade at all our manufacturing sites.

Our current combined benzene production capacity at Jamnagar, Hazira and Vadodara is 1220 KTA (post expansion in Jamnagar). Our Benzene exports are to all the major customers in the US, Europe and Middle east.

We also produce about 100KTA of TDI grade Toluene and 50 KTA of Cyclohexane for the domestic downstream industry. With our world scale plants, best-in-class technology and customer centric approach, we are the supplier of choice for our Indian and global customers.

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Linear Alkyl Benzene (LAB)

Reliance Industries limited (RIL) is the 5th largest producer of Linear Alkyl Benzene (LAB) in the world with a capacity of 180 KTPA. LAB plants are located at Patalganga, Maharashtra (120 KTPA) and Vadodara, Gujarat (60 KTPA). Both plants are licensed with UOP HF-Alkylation Technology, which is a catalytic process to alkylate Benzene with linear olefins to form LAB.

LAB is the key ingredient for the detergent industry. LAB is sulfonated to get Linear Alkyl Benzene Sulphonic Acid (LABSA). LABSA is then neutralized to the desired salt. Linear alkylbenzene sulfonic acid is mainly used to produce household detergents including laundry powders, laundry liquids, dishwashing liquids and other household cleaners as well as in numerous industrial applications like as a coupling agent and as an emulsifier for agricultural herbicides and in emulsion polymerization.

LABSA is the largest-volume synthetic surfactant because of its relatively low cost, good performance, the fact that it can be dried to a stable powder and the biodegradable environmental friendliness as it has straight chain. LABSA is an anionic surfactant with molecules characterized by a hydrophobic and a hydrophilic group.

RIL is a major LAB supplier catering to the large domestic detergent manufacturing brands as well as to individual sulphonators. Partial LAB quantities are also exported. The product is well established globally.

Linear Alkyl Benzene Product Sheets

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