Aromatics are cyclic unsaturated hydrocarbons containing one or more Benzene rings. Aromatics is one of the major product lines of the Petrochemical Sector at Reliance Industries Limited (RIL).

We have successfully commissioned our new Paraxylene and Benzene facility in 2017; With this our PX capacity is 4.3 MMTPA and Benzene capacity is 1.4 MMTPA. This takes our combined Xylenes and Benzene production capacity to 5.7 MMTPA. Further, our Aromatics business also consists of LAB production of 180 KTPA.

With our world scale plants, we are a supplier of choice for our Indian and global customers.

Aromatic hydrocarbons have been produced commercially since the early part of the last century. Initially they were used as mixtures, in solvent applications. Benzene was isolated as an individual compound by 1850. However the demand for Xylenes increased only after the 1950’s, when the chemical industry started growing rapidly. Xylenes form the basic raw material for the production of polyester, which has become the heart and soul of the complete textile industry, packaging, furnishing, coating, consumer goods, resins etc.



RIL is the 2nd largest producer of Paraxylene (PX) in the world. With Aromatic plants located at different locations.

Paraxylene is the building block for the entire polyester industry. It is processed to get Purified Terephthalic Acid (PTA) that is further processed to form polyester fibers / PET.

The aromatic complexes are located on the West Coast of India, Patalganga in the state of Maharashtra and Jamnagar in the state of Gujarat. RIL also operates facilities of PTA at Hazira and Gandhar in the state of Gujarat which consume PX. In addition to the captive consumption for PTA, RIL exports large quantities of Paraxylene to some of the leading petrochemical companies in Asia from its facility based in Jamnagar.

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Ortho xylene (OX) is the second largest of the three commercial isomers of xylene and has a sweet, aromatic smell. It is a colourless liquid, with a characteristic odour. The major application of Orthoxylene is for production of Pthalic Anhydride (~90%) with other applications being in paints, fibreglass, PEN, etc.

RIL with a capacity of 450 KTA is among the top producers of Ortho Xylene in the world. It is produced at the integrated refinery complex at Jamnagar, Gujarat. We have a leading position in India and export majorly to Asian countries.

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Benzene (C6H6) is an aromatic hydrocarbon and one of the primary chemical building blocks for the petrochemical industry. It is a by-product of the Refinery, Naphtha Cracker, Paraxylene and Steel plant processes. Benzene can be made by hydro dealkylation of Toluene. It is used to produce a number of petrochemical intermediates such as ethylbenzene for styrene production, cumene for phenol and acetone, cyclohexane and nitrobenzene.

RIL produces benzene at three manufacturing sites of Jamnagar, Hazira and Baroda on the west coast of India. We produce high purity Benzene at our manufacturing sites.

We are one of the largest global merchant exporter of Benzene and our current combined benzene production capacity at Jamnagar, Hazira and Vadodara is 1400 KTA. Our Benzene exports are to all the major customers in the US, Europe and Middle east.

We also produce about 100KTA of TDI grade Toluene for the domestic market. We also make 50 KTA of Cyclohexane and a small quantity of PDEB for the domestic downstream industry as well as for export.

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Linear Alkyl Benzene (LAB) and Paraffin (NP/HNP/LNP)

RIL is the 7th largest producer of Linear Alkyl Benzene (LAB) in the world with a capacity of 180 KTPA. LAB plants are located at Patalganga, Maharashtra (120 KTPA) and Vadodara, Gujarat (60 KTPA). Both plants are licensed with UOP HF-Alkylation Technology, which is a catalytic process to alkylate Benzene with linear olefins to form LAB. The unit has it’s own captive Normal Paraffin plant (NP) and also produces Heavy Normal Paraffin (HNP) & Light Normal Paraffins (LNP).
LAB is the key ingredient for the detergent industry. LAB is sulfonated to produce Linear Alkyl Benzene Sulphonic Acid (LABSA). LABSA is an anionic surfactant with molecules characterized by a hydrophobic and a hydrophilic group.
LABSA is the most widely consumed surfactant because of its relatively low cost, good performance, and environmental friendliness due to its biodegradability. LABSA is mainly used to produce household detergents including laundry powders, laundry liquids, dishwashing liquids and other household cleaners. It is also used in numerous industrial applications such as coupling agent, emulsifier for agricultural herbicides and emulsion polymerization.
RIL is a major global LAB producer catering to the large global and domestic detergent brands and to individual Sulphonators.
Paraffins are mainly used as a feedstock for LAB production. The other major application includes Chlorinated Paraffin Wax (CPW), lubricating oil, cutting & rolling mill oil (Metal Working Fluid) and as a chemical solvent.

Linear Alkyl Benzene Product Sheets

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